Family and relationship influences on parenting behaviors of young parents.

TitleFamily and relationship influences on parenting behaviors of young parents.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsKershaw, T., Murphy A., Lewis J., Divney A., Albritton T., Magriples U., & Gordon D.
JournalJ Adolesc Health
Volume54
Issue2
Pagination197-203
Date Published2014 Feb
ISSN1879-1972
KeywordsAdolescent, Family, Family Relations, Female, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Parenting, Parents, Postpartum Period, Pregnancy, Sex Factors, Young Adult
Abstract

<p><b>PURPOSE: </b>Assess the influence of relationship and family factors during pregnancy on parenting behavior 6 months postpartum among low-income young parents.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>Some 434 young expectant couples were recruited from obstetrics clinics during pregnancy and followed 6 months postpartum. Using a series of general estimating equations to control for the correlated nature of the data, we assessed the influence of relationship factors (e.g., relationship satisfaction, attachment) and family factors (e.g., family functioning, family history) during pregnancy on parenting (e.g., parenting involvement, time spent caregiving, parenting experiences, and parenting sense of competence) 6 months postpartum controlling for covariates.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Relationship functioning related to parenting involvement, caregiving, parenting experiences, and parenting sense of competence. In addition, several family factors related to parenting. Mother involvement during childhood was related to more parenting involvement, parenting positive experiences, and parenting sense of competence. History of being spanked as a child related to less time spent caregiving and less positive life change from being a parent. Further, gender significantly moderated the associations between relationship and family factors and parenting behavior. Male parenting behavior was more influenced by relationship and family factors than female parenting.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>This study suggests the importance of relationship and family contexts for parenting behaviors of young mothers and fathers, highlighting the potential utility of involving both young mothers and fathers in parenting programs, and developing interventions that focus on strengthening young parents' romantic relationships and that address negative parenting experienced during childhood.</p>

DOI10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.08.012
Alternate JournalJ Adolesc Health
PubMed ID24113495
PubMed Central IDPMC3947006
Grant ListP30 MH062294 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH075685 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
T32 MH020031 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States