Intimate partner violence, power, and equity among adolescent parents: relation to child outcomes and parenting.

TitleIntimate partner violence, power, and equity among adolescent parents: relation to child outcomes and parenting.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsGibson, C., Callands T. A., Magriples U., Divney A., & Kershaw T.
JournalMatern Child Health J
Volume19
Issue1
Pagination188-95
Date Published2015 Jan
ISSN1573-6628
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, African Americans, Connecticut, Depression, Female, Hispanic Americans, Hospitals, University, Humans, Infant, Infant Behavior, Interpersonal Relations, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Parent-Child Relations, Parenting, Postpartum Period, Power (Psychology), Pregnancy, Pregnancy in Adolescence, Risk Factors, Sexual Partners, Spouse Abuse, Surveys and Questionnaires, Temperament, Urban Population, Young Adult
Abstract

<p>Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and perpetration and power imbalances in parenting partners may result in poor outcomes for parents and children. Previous work in this area has focused on the maternal experiences, neglecting to examine paternal effects. The present study aimed to elucidate the role of IPV, power, and equity in parenting and child outcomes in an urban sample of adolescent parents. 159 male and 182 female parents in a relationship were recruited through university-affiliated hospitals. Power, equity, and IPV were measured at 6 months post-partum and were used as predictors for parenting and child outcomes 12 months post-partum using general estimating equations. Gender interactions and mediation effects of depression were also assessed. Higher perceived relationship equity was related to better infant temperament (B = 0.052, SE = 0.023, p = 0.02) whereas higher partner power was related to poorer social development (B = -0.201, SE = 0.088, p = 0.02) and fine motor development (B = -0.195, SE = 0.078, p = 0.01). IPV victimization was associated with poor infant temperament (B = -2.925, SE = 1.083, p = 0.007) and lower parenting competence (B = -3.508, SE = 1.142, p = 0.002). Depression mediated the relationship between IPV and parenting and IPV and infant temperament. No gender effects were found. IPV, inequities, and power imbalances were disadvantageous for parenting and child outcomes. Our results suggest that these dynamics may negatively affect both males and females. Interventions to reduce violence in both partners and promote equity in relationships could benefit couples and their children.</p>

DOI10.1007/s10995-014-1509-9
Alternate JournalMatern Child Health J
PubMed ID24781878
PubMed Central IDPMC4295500
Grant List1R01MH075685 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
5P30MH062294 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K01 TW009660 / TW / FIC NIH HHS / United States
P30 MH062294 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH075685 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R34 MH087223 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R34 MH087223 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
T32 DA019426 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States
T32 DA019426 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States